Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994
In 1994, more than a century after Congress prohibited racial discrimination in distributing land-grant funds to colleges and universities, a new act provided support for American Indian tribal educational institutions. Many of these colleges and universities were located in remote communities that previously lacked access to higher education.
General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration
Expanding Educational Opportunity
In 1862 Congress passed the Morrill Land-Grant College Act. It provided federal funding through a land-grant system to foster a new form of agricultural and technical education throughout the United States. While that original act boosted the farming sector of the economy and provided opportunity to rural and working- class citizens, later acts in 1890 and 1994 explicitly extended the benefits of the land-grant system to historically African American and American Indian schools. Today, land-grant institutions exist in every state in the country.