Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, map by USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, 2009
A map of current land-grant educational institutions in the United States shows those supported by the 1862 Morrill Land-Grant Act (red circles), the 1890 Morrill Land-Grant Act (white stars), and the 1994 Land-Grant Act (blue squares). The 1890 group includes historically black colleges and universities; the 1994 institutions are American Indian colleges and universities.
National Institute for Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Expanding Educational Opportunity
In 1862 Congress passed the Morrill Land-Grant College Act. It provided federal funding through a land-grant system to foster a new form of agricultural and technical education throughout the United States. While that original act boosted the farming sector of the economy and provided opportunity to rural and working- class citizens, later acts in 1890 and 1994 explicitly extended the benefits of the land-grant system to historically African American and American Indian schools. Today, land-grant institutions exist in every state in the country.