Virginia Plan, as Amended, June 13, 1787
The Virginia Plan was so named because it was written primarily by James Madison and introduced to the Constitutional Convention by Edmund Randolph, both Virginians. The resolution provided for three branches of a national government and laid the foundation for what would become the United States Constitution.
Records of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, National Archives and Records Administration
Creating a National Government - 1
Having declared their independence, the former colonies united to establish a national government under the Articles of Confederation. Within a few years, however, the weaknesses of the central government, dependent on unanimous consent of the states and lacking the power to regulate taxes and trade, became apparent. In May 1787, delegates to a convention called to amend the Articles of Confederation instead drafted the Constitution, a new framework for a stronger union.