Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, August 2, 1946
The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 brought about some of the most significant organizational changes ever made to the U.S. Congress. The act improved legislative oversight of federal agencies after World War II and helped Congress match the growing power of the executive branch in shaping the national agenda. The reorganization drastically reduced the number of standing committees in both the House and the Senate. The act also expanded the Legislative Reference Service (today’s Congressional Research Service), which provides Congress with information on the increasingly wide-ranging, complex issues that come before it.
General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives and Records Administration
The U.S. Constitution states that “The Congress shall have Power…To make all Laws.” The original laws enacted by Congress are preserved at the National Archives. This page highlights some of the most historically significant laws Congress has passed throughout the nation’s history.