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The electronic voting system, which was installed in 1973, dispensed with the long roll call vote that required calling 435 names.

The electronic voting system, which was installed in 1973, dispensed with the long roll call vote that required calling 435 names.

© Bettmann/CORBIS

The electronic voting system dispensed with the long roll call vote

Reforming the House, Shifting Power, 1970s

The shocks and turmoil of the Vietnam War and Watergate scandal brought major government reforms. These changes forged much of the character that defines the House today.

Demands for greater openness in government meant fewer closed committee meetings. The House installed electronic voting systems in 1973, and in 1979 began televising its debates. Committees continued to do important work behind the scenes, but the televised proceedings became increasingly important.

The House also began choosing committee chairs through party caucuses rather than by seniority. This too shifted more power to party leaders and individual members, and away from committee leaders. These and other changes have helped the House to enter the 21st century a more open and responsive instrument of representative democracy.

They wanted to change the Congress of the United States; which they did.”
— Speaker “Tip” O’Neill on the new representatives he called “Watergate Babies"